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Hello! My name is Inna Halahuz, I am a sales manager at Platinum, the largest listing service provider for the STO and ICO projects. We know all about the best and most useful STO and ICO marketing services. By the way, we developed the best blockchain platform: [Platinum.fund] (https://platinum.fund/sto/) We also created the UBAI, the unique educational project with the best and most useful online courses. We not only share our knowledge but also help the best graduates to find a job! After finishing our courses you will know all about crypto securities, ICO and STO advertizing and best blockchain platforms. What a Blockchain Wallet is? What is its purpose? Find the answer after reading this article. Public/Private Key The public key is the digital code you give to someone that wants to transfer ownership of a unit of cryptocurrency to you; and a private key is what you need to be able to unlock your own wallet to transfer a unit of a cryptocurrency to someone else. The encoding of information within a wallet is done by the private and public keys. That is the main component of the encryption that maintains the security of the wallet. Both keys function in simultaneous encryption systems called symmetric and asymmetric encryption. The former, alternatively known as private key encryption, makes use of the same key for encryption and decryption. The latter, asymmetric encryption, utilizes two keys, the public and private key, wherein a message-sender encrypts the message with the public key, and the recipient decodes it with their private key. The public key uses asymmetric algorithms that convert messages into an unreadable format. A person who possesses a public key can encrypt the message for a specific receiver. Accessing wallets Methods of wallet access vary depending on the type of wallet being used. Various types of currency wallets on an exchange will normally be accessed via the exchange’s entrance portal, normally involving a combination of a username/password and optionally, 2FA (Two factor authentication, which we explain in more detail later). Whereas hardware wallets need to be connected to an internet enabled device, and then have a pin code entered manually by the user in possession of the hardware wallet in order for access to be gained. Phone wallets are accessed through the device on which the wallet application has been downloaded. Ordinarily, a passcode and/or security pattern must be entered before entry is granted, in addition to 2FA for withdrawals. Satoshi Nakamoto built the Satoshi client which evolved into Bitcoin in 2009. This software allowed users to create wallets and send money to other addresses. However, it proved to be a nightmarish user experience, with many transactions being sent to incorrect addresses and private keys being lost. The MtGox (Magic the Gathering Online exchange, named after the original intended use of the exchange) incident, which will be covered in greater detail later, serves as a reminder of the dangers present in the cryptosphere regarding security, and the need to constantly upgrade your defenses against all potential hacks. The resulting loss of 850k BTC is a still unresolved problem, weighing heavily on the victims and the markets at large. This caused a huge push for a constantly evolving and improving focus on security. Exchanges that developed later, and are thus considered more legitimate and secure, such as Gemini and Coinbase, put a much greater emphasis on vigilance as a direct result of the MtGox hacking incident. We also saw the evolution of wallet security into the physical realm with the creation of hardware wallets, most notable among them the Ledger and Trezor wallets. Types of Wallets & Storage Methods The simplest way to sift through the dozens of cryptocurrency storage methods available today, is to divide them up into digital and non-digital, software and hardware wallets. There are also less commonly used methods of storage of private keys, like paper wallets and brain wallets. We will examine them all at least briefly, because in the course of your interaction with cryptocurrencies and Blockchain technology, it is essential to master all the different types of hardware and software wallets. Another distinction must be made between hot wallets and cold wallets. A hot wallet is one that is connected to the internet, and a cold wallet is one that is not. Fun fact: The level below cold storage, deep cold storage has just recently been implemented by the Regal RA DMCC, a subsidiary of an internationally renowned gold trading company licensed in the Middle East. After having been granted a crypto trading license, Regal RA launched their “deep cold” storage solution for traders and investors, which offers the ability to store crypto assets in vaults deep below the Almas Tower in Dubai. This storage method is so secure that at no point is the vault connected to a network or the internet; meaning the owners of the assets can be sure that the private keys are known only to the rightful owners. Lets take a quick look at specific features and functionality of varieties of crypto wallets. Software wallets: wallet applications installed on a laptop, desktop, phone or tablet. Web Wallets: A hot wallet by definition. Web Wallets are accessible through the web browser on your phone or computer. The most important feature to recognize about any kind of web wallet, is that the private keys are held and managed by a trusted third party. MyEtherWallet is the most commonly used non-exchange web wallet, but it can only be used to store Ethereum and ERC-20 tokens. Though the avenue of access to MEW is through the web, it is not strictly speaking a web wallet, though this label will suffice for the time being. The MEW site gives you the ability to create a new wallet so you can store your ETH yourself. All the data is created and stored on your CPU rather than their servers. This makes MEW a hybrid kind of web wallet and desktop wallet. Exchange Wallets: A form of Web Wallet contained within an exchange. An exchange will hold a wallet for each individual variety of cryptocurrency you hold on that exchange. Desktop Wallets: A software program downloaded onto your computer or tablet hard drive that usually holds only one kind of cryptocurrency. The Nano Wallet (Formerly Raiwallet) and Neon wallet for storage of NEO and NEP-5 tokens are notable examples of desktop wallets Phone Wallets: These are apps downloaded onto a mobile phone that function in the same manner as a desktop wallet, but actually can hold many different kinds of cryptocurrency. The Eidoo Wallet for storing Ethereum and its associated tokens and Blockchain Wallet which currently is configured to hold BTC, ETH and Bitcoin Cash, are some of the most widely used examples. Hardware wallets — LedgeTrezoAlternatives Hardware wallets are basically physical pathways and keys to the unique location of your crypto assets on the Blockchain. These are thought to be more secure than any variety of web wallet because the private key is stored within your own hard wallet, an actual physical device. This forcibly removes the risk your online wallet, or your exchange counter party, might be hacked in the same manner as MtGox. In hardware wallet transactions, the wallet’s API creates the transaction when a user requests a payment. An API is a set of functions that facilitates the creation of applications that interact and access features or data of an operating system. The hardware then signs the transaction, and produces a public key, which is given to the network. This means the signing keys never leave the hardware wallet. The user must both enter a personal identification number and physically press buttons on the hardware wallet in order to gain access to their Blockchain wallet address through this method, and do the same to initiate transfers. Paper Wallets Possibly the safest form of cryptocurrency storage in terms of avoiding hacking, Paper Wallets are an offline form of crypto storage that is free to set up, and probably the most secure way for users, from beginners to experts, to hold on to their crypto assets. To say it simply, paper wallets are an offline cold storage method of storing cryptocurrency. This includes actually printing out your public and private keys on a piece of paper, which you then store and save in a secure place. The keys are printed in the form of QR codes which you can scan in the future for all your transactions. The reason why it is so safe is that it gives complete control to you, the user. You do not need to worry about the security or condition of a piece of hardware, nor do you have to worry about hackers on the net, or any other piece of malware. You just need to take care of one piece of paper! Real World Historical Examples of Different Wallet Types Web Wallet: Blockchain.info Brief mechanism & Security Blockchain.info is both a cryptocurrency wallet, supporting Bitcoin, Ethereum and Bitcoin cash, and also a block explorer service. The wallet service provided by blockchain.info has both a Web Wallet, and mobile phone application wallet, both of which involve signing up with an email address, and both have downloadable private keys. Two Factor Authentication is enabled for transfers from the web and mobile wallets, as well as email confirmation (as with most withdrawals from exchanges). Phone Wallet: Eidoo The Eidoo wallet is a multi-currency mobile phone app wallet for storage of Ethereum and ERC-20 tokens. The security level is the standard phone wallet level of email registration, confirmation, password login, and 2 factor authentication used in all transfers out. You may find small volumes of different varieties of cryptocurrencies randomly turning up in your Eidoo wallet address. Certain projects have deals with individual wallets to allow for “airdrops” to take place of a particular token into the wallet, without the consent of the wallet holder. There is no need to be alarmed, and the security of the wallet is not in any way compromised by these airdrops. Neon Wallet The NEON wallet sets the standard for web wallets in terms of security and user-friendly functionality. This wallet is only designed for storing NEO, Gas, and NEP-5 tokens (Ontology, Deep Brain Chain, RPX etc.). As with all single-currency wallets, be forewarned, if you send the wrong cryptocurrency type to a wallet for which it is not designed, you will probably lose your tokens or coins. MyEtherWallet My Ether Wallet, often referred to as MEW, is the most widely used and highly regarded wallet for Ethereum and its related ERC-20 tokens. You can access your MEW account with a hardware wallet, or a different program. Or you can also get access by typing or copying in your private key. However, you should understand this method is the least safe way possible,and therefore is the most likely to result in a hack. Hardware: TrezoLedger Brief History Mechanism and Security A hardware wallet is a physical key to your on-chain wallet location, with the private keys contained within a secure sector of the device. Your private key never leaves your hardware wallet. This is one of the safest possible methods of access to your crypto assets. Many people feel like the hardware wallet strikes the right balance between security, peace of mind, and convenience. Paper Wallet Paper wallets can be generated at various websites, such as https://bitcoinpaperwallet.com/ and https://walletgenerator.net/. They enable wallet holders to store their private keys totally offline, in as secure a manner as is possible. Real World Example — Poor Practices MtGox Hack history effects and security considerations MtGox was the largest cryptocurrency exchange in the world before it was hacked in 2014. They were handling over 70% of BTC transactions before they were forced to liquidate their business. The biggest theft of cryptocurrency in history began when the private keys for the hot wallets were stolen in 2011 from a wallet.dat file, possibly by hacking, possibly by a rogue employee. Over the course of the next 3 years the hot wallets were emptied of approximately 650000 BTC. The hacker only needed wallet.dat file to access and make transfers from the hot wallet, as wallet encryption was only in operation from the time of the Bitcoin 0.4.0 release on Sept 23rd 2011. Even as the wallets were being emptied, the employees at Mt Gox were apparently oblivious to what was taking place. It seems that Mt Gox workers were interpreting these withdrawals as large transfers being made to more secure wallets. The former CEO of the exchange, Mark Karpeles, is currently on trial for embezzlement and faces up to 5 years in prison if found guilty. The Mt Gox hack precipitated the acceleration of security improvements on other exchanges, for wallets, and the architecture of bitcoin itself. As a rule of thumb, no small-to-medium scale crypto holders should use exchange wallets as a long-term storage solution. Investors and experienced traders may do this to take advantage of market fluctuations, but exchange wallets are perhaps the most prone to hacking, and storing assets on exchanges for an extended time is one of the riskiest ways to hold your assets. In a case strikingly similar to the MtGox of 2011–2014, the operators of the BitGrail exchange “discovered” that approximately 17 million XRB ($195 million worth in early 2018) were missing. The operators of the exchange were inexplicably still accepting deposits, long after they knew about the hack. Then they proceeded to block withdrawals from non-EU users. And then they even requested a hard fork of the code to restore the funds. This would have meant the entire XRB Blockchain would have had to accept all transactions from their first “invalid” transaction that were invalid, and rollback the ledger. The BitGrailexchange attempted to open operations in May 2018 but was immediately forced to close by order of the Italian courts. BitGrail did not institute mandatory KYC (Know your customer) procedures for their clients until after the theft had been reported, and allegedly months after the hack was visible. They also did not have 2 factor authentication mandatory for withdrawals. All big, and very costly mistakes. Case Study: Good Practice Binance, the Attempted Hack During the 2017 bull run, China-based exchange Binance quickly rose to the status of biggest altcoin exchange in the world, boasting daily volumes that surged to over $4 billion per day in late December. Unfortunately, this success attracted the attention of some crafty hackers. These hackers purchased domain names that were confusingly similar to “binance.com”. And then they created sufficiently convincing replica websites so they could phish traders for their login information. After obtaining this vital info, the scammers created API keys to place large buy orders for VIAcoin, an obscure, low volume digital currency. Those large buy orders spiked VIA’s price. Within minutes they traded the artificially high-priced VIA for BTC. Then they immediately made withdrawal requests from the hacked BTC wallets to wallets outside of the exchange. Almost a perfect fait accompli! But, Binance’s “automating risk management system” kicked in, as it should, and all withdrawals were temporarily suspended, resulting in a foiled hacking attempt. Software Wallets Web/Desktop/Phone/Exchange Advantages and Limitations As we said before, it is inadvisable to store crypto assets in exchange wallets, and, to a lesser extent, Web Wallets. The specific reason we say that is because you need to deliver your private keys into the hands of another party, and rely on that website or exchange to keep your private key, and thus your assets, safe. The advantages of the less-secure exchange or web wallets, are the speed at which you can transfer assets into another currency, or into another exchange for sale or for arbitrage purposes. Despite the convenience factor, all software wallets will at some point have been connected to the internet or a network. So, you can never be 100% sure that your system has not been infected with malware, or some kind of keylogging software, that will allow a third party to record your passwords or private keys. How well the type of storage method limits your contact with such hazards is a good way to rate the security of said variety of wallet. Of all the software wallets, desktop and mobile wallets are the most secure because you download and store your own private key, preferably on a different system. By taking the responsibility of private key storage you can be sure that only one person has possession of it, and that is you! Thereby greatly increasing the security of your crypto assets. By having their assets in a desktop wallet, traders can guard their private key and enjoy the associated heightened security levels, as well keep their assets just one swift transfer away from an exchange. Hardware Wallets Advantages and Limitations We briefly touched on the features and operation of the two most popular hardware wallets currently on the market, the Ledger and Trezor wallets. Now it will be helpful to take a closer look into the pros and cons of the hardware wallet storage method. With hardware wallets, the private keys are stored within a protected area of the microcontroller, and they are prevented from being exported out of the device in plain text. They are fortified with state-of-the-art cryptography that makes them immune to computer viruses and malware. And much of the time, the software is open source, which allows user validation of the entire performance of the device. The advantages of a hardware wallet over the perhaps more secure paper wallet method of crypto storage is the interactive user experience, and also the fact that the private key must at some stage be downloaded in order to use the paper wallet. The main disadvantage of a hardware wallet is the time-consuming extra steps needed to transfer funds out of this mode of storage to an exchange, which could conceivably result in some traders missing out on profits. But with security being the main concern of the vast majority of holders, investors and traders too, this slight drawback is largely inconsequential in most situations. Paper Wallets Advantages and Limitations Paper wallets are thought by some to be the safest way to store your crypto assets, or more specifically, the best method of guarding the pathways to your assets on the Blockchain. By printing out your private key information, the route to your assets on the Blockchain is stored 100% offline (apart from the act of printing the private key out, the entire process is totally offline). This means that you will not run the risk of being infected with malware or become the victim of keylogging scams. The main drawback of using paper wallets is that you are in effect putting all your eggs in one basket, and if the physical document is destroyed, you will lose access to your crypto assets forever. Key things to keep in mind about your Wallet Security: Recovery Phrases/Private Key Storage/2FA/Email Security Recovery phrases are used to recover the on-chain location for your wallet with your assets for hardware wallets like ledgers and Trezors that have been lost. When you purchase a new ledger for example, you just have to set it up again by entering the recovery phrase into the display and the lost wallets will appear with your assets intact. Private key storage is of paramount importance to maintain the safety of your on-chain assets! This should be done in paper wallet form, or stored offline on a different computer, or USB device, from the one you would typically use to connect to the 2 Factor Authentication (2FA) sometimes known as “two step authentication”. This feature offers an extra security layer when withdrawing funds from cryptocurrency wallets. A specialized app, most commonly Google Authenticator, is synced up to the exchange to provide a constantly changing code. This code must be entered within a short time window to initiate transfers, or to log into an exchange, if it has also been enabled for that purpose. You must always consider the level of fees, or the amount of Gas, that will be needed to carry out the transaction. In times of high network activity Gas prices can be quite high. In fact, in December 2017 network fees became so high that some Bitcoin transactions became absolutely unfeasible. But that was basically due to the anomalous network congestion caused by frantic trading of Bitcoin as it was skyrocketing in value. When copying wallet addresses, double check and triple check that they are correct. If you make a mistake and enter an incorrect address, it is most likely your funds will be irretrievably lost; you will never see those particular assets again. Also check that you haven’t input the address of another one of your wallets that is designed to hold a different variety of cryptocurrency. You would similarly run the very great risk of losing your funds forever. Or, at the very least, if you have sent the wrong crypto to a large exchange wallet, for example on Coinbase, maybe you could eventually get those funds back, but it would still entail a long and unenjoyable wait. How to Monitor Funds There are two ways to monitor you funds and your wallets. The first is by searching for individual wallet addresses on websites specifically designed to let you view all the transactions on a particular Blockchain. The other is to store a copy of your wallet contents on an application that tracks the prices of all cryptocurrencies. Blockchain.info is the block explorer for Bitcoin, and it allows you to track all wallet movements so you can view your holdings and all the historical transactions within the wallet. The Ethereum blockchain’s block explorer is called Ether scanner, and it functions in the same way. There is a rival to Ether scanner produced by the Jibrel Network, called JSearch which will be released soon. JSearch will aim to offer a more streamlined and faster search method for Ethereum blockchain transactions. There are many different kinds of block explorer for each individual crypto currency, including nanoexplorer.io for Nano (formerly Rai Blocks) and Neotracker for NEO. If you simply want to view the value of your portfolio, the Delta and Blockfolio apps allow you to easily do that. But they are not actually linked to your specific wallet address, they just show price movements and total value of the coins you want to monitor. That’s not all! You can learn how to transfer and monitor the funds in and out of your wallet by clicking on the link. To be continued! UBAI.co Contact me via Facebook, Instagram and LinkedIn to learn more about the best online education: LinkedInFacebookInstagram
Hi, for everyone looking for help and support for IOTA you have come to the right place. Please read this information, the FAQ and the side bar before asking for help.
IOTA is an open-source distributed ledger protocol launched in 2015 that goes 'beyond blockchain' through its core invention of the blockless ‘Tangle’. The IOTA Tangle is a quantum-resistant Directed Acyclic Graph (DAG), whose digital currency 'iota' has a fixed money supply with zero inflationary cost. IOTA uniquely offers zero-fee transactions & no fixed limit on how many transactions can be confirmed per second. Scaling limitations have been removed, since throughput grows in conjunction with activity; the more activity, the more transactions can be processed & the faster the network. Further, unlike blockchain architecture, IOTA has no separation between users and validators (miners / stakers); rather, validation is an intrinsic property of using the ledger, thus avoiding centralization. IOTA is focused on being useful for the emerging machine-to-machine (m2m) economy of the Internet-of-Things (IoT), data integrity, micro-/nano- payments, and other applications where a scalable decentralized system is warranted.
Contrary to traditional blockchain based systems such as Bitcoin, where your wallet addresses can be reused, IOTA's addresses should only be used once (for outgoing transfers). That means there is no limit to the number of transactions an address can receive, but as soon as you've used funds from that address to make a transaction, this address should not be used anymore. The reason for this is, by making an outgoing transaction a part of the private key of that specific address is revealed, and it opens the possibility that someone may brute force the full private key to gain access to all funds on that address. The more outgoing transactions you make from the same address, the easier it will be to brute force the private key. It should be noted that having access to the private key of an address will not reveal your seed or the private key of the other addresses within your seed / "account". This piggy bank diagram can help visualize non reusable addresses. imgur link
When a new address is generated it is calculated from the combination of a seed + Address Index, where the Address Index can be any positive Integer (including "0"). The wallet usually starts from Address Index 0, but it will skip any Address Index where it sees that the corresponding address has already been attached to the tangle.
Private keys are derived from a seeds key index. From that private key you then generate an address. The key index starting at 0, can be incremented to get a new private key, and thus address. It is important to keep in mind that all security-sensitive functions are implemented client side. What this means is that you can generate private keys and addresses securely in the browser, or on an offline computer. All libraries provide this functionality. IOTA uses winternitz one-time signatures, as such you should ensure that you know which private key (and which address) has already been used in order to not reuse it. Subsequently reusing private keys can lead to the loss of funds (an attacker is able to forge the signature after continuous reuse). Exchanges are advised to store seeds, not private keys.
Sending a transaction will move your entire balance to a completely new address, if you have more than one pending transaction only one can eventually be confirmed and the resulting balance is sent to your next wallet address. This means that the other pending transactions are now sent from an address that has a balance of 0 IOTA, and thus none of these pending transactions can ever be confirmed.
As previously mentioned, in IOTA there are no miners. As such the process of making a transaction is different from any Blockchain out there today. The process in IOTA looks as follows:
Signing: You sign the transaction inputs with your private keys. This can be done offline.
Tip Selection: MCMC is used to randomly select two tips, which will be referenced by your transaction (branchTransaction and trunkTransaction)
Proof of Work: In order to have your transaction accepted by the network, you need to do some Proof of Work - similar to Hashcash, not Bitcoin (spam and sybil-resistance). This usually takes a few minutes on a modern pc.
After this is completed, the trunkTransaction, branchTransaction and nonce of the transaction object should be updated. This means that you can broadcast the transaction to the network now and wait for it to be approved by someone else.
How do I to buy IOTA?
Currently not all exchanges support IOTA and those that do may not support the option to buy with fiat currencies. One way to buy IOTA is to buy with bitcoin (BTC) or Ether (ETH), first you will need to deposit BTC/ETH onto an exchange wallet and you can the exchange them for IOTA. You can buy BTC or ETH through coinbase. And exchange those for IOTA on Binance or Bitfinex (other exchanges do exist, some linked in the side bar). A detailed guide to buying can be found here.
What is MIOTA?
MIOTA is a unit of IOTA, 1 Mega IOTA or 1 Mi. It is equivalent to 1,000,000 IOTA and is the unit which is currently exchanged. We can use the metric prefixes when describing IOTA e.g 2,500,000,000 i is equivalent to 2.5 Gi. Note: some exchanges will display IOTA when they mean MIOTA.
Can I mine IOTA?
No you can not mine IOTA, all the supply of IOTA exist now and no more can be made. If you want to send IOTA, your 'fee' is you have to verify 2 other transactions, thereby acting like a minenode.
Where should I store IOTA?
It is not recommended to store large amounts of IOTA on the exchange as you will not have access to the private keys of the addresses generated. However many people have faced problems with the current GUI Wallet and therefore group consensus at the moment is to store your IOTA on the exchange, until the release of the UCL Wallet, or the Paper Wallet.
What is the GUI wallet?
What is the UCL Wallet?
What is a seed?
A seed is a unique identifier that can be described as a combined username and password that grants you access to your wallet. Your seed is used to generate the addresses linked to your account and so this should be kept private and not shared with anyone. If anyone obtains your seed, they can login and access your IOTA.
How do I generate a seed?
You must generate a random 81 character seed using only A-Z and the number 9. It is recommended to use offline methods to generate a seed, and not recommended to use any non community verified techniques. To generate a seed you could:
All seeds should be 81 characters in random order composed of A-Z and 9.
Do not give your seed to anyone, and don’t keep it saved in a plain text document.
Don’t input your seed into any websites that you don’t trust.
Is this safe? Can’t anyone guess my seed? What are the odds of someone guessing your seed?
IOTA seed = 81 characters long, and you can use A-Z, 9
Giving 2781 = 8.7x10115 possible combinations for IOTA seeds
Now let's say you have a "super computer" letting you generate and read every address associated with 1 trillion different seeds per second.
8.7x10115 seeds / 1x1012 generated per second = 8.7x10103 seconds = 2.8x1096 years to process all IOTA seeds.
Why does balance appear to be 0 after a snapshot?
When a snapshot happens, all transactions are being deleted from the Tangle, leaving only the record of how many IOTA are owned by each address. However, the next time the wallet scans the Tangle to look for used addresses, the transactions will be gone because of the snapshot and the wallet will not know anymore that an address belongs to it. This is the reason for the need to regenerate addresses, so that the wallet can check the balance of each address. The more transactions were made before a snapshot, the further away the balance moves from address index 0 and the more addresses have to be (re-) generated after the snapshot.
Why is my transaction pending?
IOTA's current Tangle implementation (IOTA is in constant development, so this may change in the future) has a confirmation rate that is ~66% at first attempt. So, if a transaction does not confirm within 1 hour, it is necessary to "reattach" (also known as "replay") the transaction one time. Doing so one time increases probability of confirmation from ~66% to ~89%. Repeating the process a second time increases the probability from ~89% to ~99.9%.
What does attach to the tangle mean?
The process of making an transaction can be divided into two main steps:
The local signing of a transaction, for which your seed is required.
Taking the prepared transaction data, choosing two transactions from the tangle and doing the POW. This step is also called “attaching”.
The following analogy makes it easier to understand:
Step one is like writing a letter. You take a piece of paper, write some information on it, sign it at the bottom with your signature to authenticate that it was indeed you who wrote it, put it in an envelope and then write the recipient's address on it. Step two: In order to attach our “letter” (transaction), we go to the tangle, pick randomly two of the newest “letters” and tie a connection between our “letter” and each of the “letters” we choose to reference.
The “Attach address” function in the wallet is actually doing nothing else than making an 0 value transaction to the address that is being attached.
How do I reattach a transaction.
Reattaching a transaction is different depending on where you send your transaction from. To reattach using the GUI Desktop wallet follow these steps:
Click 'Show Bundle' on the 'pending' transaction.
Click 'Rebroadcast'. (optional, usually not required)
Wait 1 Hour.
If still 'pending', repeat steps 1-5 once more.
What happens to pending transactions after a snapshot?
How do I recover from a long term pending transaction?
How can I support IOTA?
You can support the IOTA network by setting up a Full Node, this will help secure the network by validating transactions broadcast by other nodes. Running a full node also means you don't have to trust a 3rd party in showing you the correct balance and transaction history of your wallet. By running a full node you get to take advantage of new features that might not be installed on 3rd party nodes.
How to set up a full node?
To set up a full node you will need to follow these steps:
Download the full node software: either GUI, or headless CLI for lower system requirements and better performance.
Get a static IP for your node.
Join the network by adding 7-9 neighbours.
Keep your full node up and running as much as possible.
A detailed user guide on how to set up a VTS IOTA Full Node from scratch can be found here.
How do I get a static IP?
To learn how to setup a hostname (~static IP) so you can use the newest IOTA versions that have no automated peer discovery please follow this guide.
How do I find a neighbour?
Are you a single IOTA full node looking for a partner? You can look for partners in these place:
Well thats pretty much it. I have really no idea what I am doing. That said, I have dome some research and attempted to get started. I have a few wallets as of now, some or most still waiting verification. I have setup at epay, paxful, cryptopay, binance, coinbase, and blockchain as of yet. I have an interest in some alt coins vs bitcoin but I assume more research in time will determine where I invest and start my new business. I have a little understanding on mining and the hardware used, I am aware of GDAX and some crytpos now being traded on the stock exchange. I see the trend in an upward direction and the IRS is now taking note, the new tax bill has some provisions regarding crypto trading, etc... So I feel it is really happening and the decentalization of money, fiat... is a good thing and a must needed step we have to take if we wish to continue our process of evolution. I have some questions though: I cannot use my debit card for coinbase because it determines it as a prepaid debit card. Now one is just that, a prepaid visa, I put a small amount of money on it just to get started. The other debit I have is from the federal government. It is an account I can wire from but I cannot wire to. It is not a prepaid account but coinbase determines it as such. I would like to find a way around this. Even though I see the fees and such with CB I still feel I want to get some expereince in with that interface. Im also aware that you can instead of using CB to buy btc, you can use GDAX. I like the looks of GDAX... and after getting my account made and verified with CB, I went to GDAX to login. I had to authorize my computer to login, and thus after I was given a notice on the login screen claiming my account was temperarily locked and that I had to seek [email protected]. So I went thru that process and after filing for request I received the confirmation of request and now I am waiting for them to get back to me. I used my android to make the CB account. Used a computer to use GDAX, did receive the successful authorization notice and reloaded page to login but was shutout. I know I can purchase btc from GDAX but not sure if my debit cards will work there, as with the issue with CB? I have similar isses with the other "vendors" or are they simply "brokers" ie broker and wallet... The paxful and blockchain wallets are up okay but I cannot figure out how to jsut buy btc at the going value noted on coinmarketcap. It seems like, I have to buy btc from a seller, and there are fees from them, and or a third party software or wallet, or broker... and I then can give my wallet address for the deposit. I get the very basic idea here? I had to send in my id, my pasport, my ss number, dob... lol address... these are crucial idenfying factors... I thought this crypto was meant to be anonmyous? What do I not understand? I have read some guides and watched tons of videos but don't think I am understanding it, now that I have a direct intention, or goal, idea, on how I want to use crypto, and that maybe the issue among other things? paxful for example. is a p2p trade platform, if my assumptions are correct. There, you can buy with debit, or credit, or a direct bank transfer, etc... even some with gift cards, but the small details kinda concern me. I had to get authorized and validated with paxful... but why then do i need to send a pic of my id, passport, write a note, and have the card in hand all in a selfie... if I had verified with the broker? Am I correct to consider paxful the broker in this case? the seller, the individual, is also charging a going rate on top of the actual value of the btc... so Im getting the feeling like, identity scam, theft, AND you loose money in the transfer... lol from usd to btc. At least having the risk of the theft and scam of my ID is enough to close the window and laugh out loud and think just a second, from an idiots perspective, this is no where near anonmyous, no where near safe... what the hell is this shit? I have to buy at one place, then exchange, then I can trade on a different platform, I need to have a hardware wallet so I dont get hacked... I mean ... this seems like a lot to take in all at once and I wish it didnt seem so risky. There seems to lack a one stop shop for common deals... I just want to walk up to an atm, put in cash and get a receipt with a number or code I can scan and it be added to my wallet, via hardware or software or online... I plan on using online or software with the very little money I decided to invest with at the moment but will be getting a hardware wallet once I understand better what is going on. Also, seems to be a lot of opinions on youtube etc... about likes and dislikes... and it really hurts prospective noobs who needs only the facts and the details so we can make a better choice starting out. I don't mean to be a critic here and not offer something in response that could help, I just don't yet understand this and I have decided to go in, but I really need a GREAT source of information for research, like videos for specific trades, sources, and means. I'm already discouraged, I set up several wallets, or what I thought was a broker to buy btc and trade on, but there are tons of limitations or transfers I have to do... and now all these companies have my sensitive information. I understand this is all a learning experience and I am not freaking out, :) I just need a little hand holding maybe for a few issues I have atm and once I get past that, I think all will be nice. I really like GDAX, and want to buy from there, but can I use debit... prepaid debit, and if not, where then can I just pay with prepaid debit straight to btc, and I am okay with then moving it to a waller like blockchain or binance. Im constantly looking for help with the basics, but am flooded with opinions on which is best to trade, and everyone saying HOW EASY IT IS TO BUY BTC ... okay, maybe true but there are tons of limits or redtape, or even fees... and with the sensitive info. it all just makes it a lil discouraging. Could use some help please. I would really appreciate it. Thanks. PS - just to note. The new tax laws... yea wtf... I think now maybe crypto may be such the risk its just not worth my identity and the problems with the irs... I have to report and track all transactions... is this why everyone needs my id cards pictures and selfie with me holding it, or whatnot? seems like a great way to get fucked over... for a few bucks. Looks like, crypto is dead. no anonimity, I have to pay all these fees, I now have to pay tax on EVERY SINGLE transaction... so its looking like its too late. and If I invest now, its just trouble. Now maybe a new trype of crypto will come out that will be of a different operation, name and function, so that IRS has to make new law for that, ... so that its not considered a crypto currency, because crypto, imho being the moron here, looks like it was targered and its initiative is lost. they did this to kill it. the US dollar is dominate, though I dont think its really is, and eventually it will fall, by design it is not sustainable. I want out... but IDK how to get in to the new without being a target by the IRS, and or having to play by their rules. we want out and the dollar will collaspe, I feel rather concerned and desperate tbh... its kinda scary. fuck the irs. and fuck you wallstreet. i wouldnt mind if you all made out big but with 9/11 and all that insider trading and the wars and wars, and wars,... the collasping of the housing economy... lol youre not even taking care of your own, how the fuck do you expect to survive much longer? its actually comical, retarded at best. if at least you groomed your front yard, maybe america could be great again.
Russia’s Largest Banks Are Implementing Bitcoin And Crypto Portfolios
Basic Attention Token [BAT], OmiseGO [OMG], MKR, Request Network [REQ], 0x [ZRX] could all soon be integrated with Coinbase, due to the San Francisco based exchange’s acquisition of decentralized exchange Paradex.
Ripple's website added SBI Virtual Currencies, Japanese crypto exchange, to their XRP Buying Guide. Satoshi Citadel Industries (SCI), the Philippines-based FinTech startup which builds Blockchain services and products for financial inclusion, has also been listed on the Ripple website as a ‘coming soon’ source of XRP.
The Italian authorities seized bitcoin from BitGrail wallet following a court order by Tribunal of Florence, however didn’t mention the entire worth of funds seized. The seizure follows a petition that was filed with the court’s by victims of the BitGrail hack.
Binance has completed the distribution of EON. You can login and check that the EON has been credited to your account. The distribution of EON was calculated at a rate of 1 EOS:1 EON and was based on a snapshot of EOS balances at 01/06/2018 4:00 AM (UTC). EON withdrawals are now open.
EOS bugs: users felt an almost five-hour downtime because the blockchain paused at June 16, which immediately triggered a knee-jerk response from all active EOS Block Producers. The block producers along with ‘standby nodes’ quickly jumped into a conference and after almost an hour of discussion, decided that it would be best for all standby nodes to temporarily disable their nodes. Currently the Mainnet is live again. But it is not very good start for the project. As for now, therewere only problems with mainneet.
MoneyGram has partnered with GCash to launch instant remittances into Philippines.
Binance community coin vote has just concluded. Pundi X is at number 1 place.
9. BitMEX XBT/USD futures has liquidated a short position of 10,000,000 contracts ($10,000,000) at 6591.5. Margin lost: $100,[email protected]; $200,[email protected] -- Mon Jun 18 16:28:09 +0000 2018
General info and list of exchanges for Decentralized Accessible Content Chain
Decentralized Accessible Content Chain 한국어HomeNewsTechnologyDAPP'sTeamAdvisorsPartnersCommunity The Future Of Digital Content Is Here. DACC is the world’s first content-based blockchain that features identity and access management (IAM) at the infrastructure level. Join Telegram Community Join Token Sale Whitepaper Rating of DACC DACC In The News The #1 blockchain startup to watch in Q2 2018David Wither, Influencive (March 2018) “With a community this massive and a heavily experienced team,I am most excited to see this project go to market in Q2.”“DACC provide[s] platforms … for those that are interested in the global, decentralized incentivizations for doing things they love”“DACC could help small media companies and creators better and more efficiently distribute and profit from their content.”“DACC Blockchain Is Bigger Than the Beatles And Better For Music Streaming”“DACC Blockchain Will Bring You Closer to the Music Artists You Love”“Meet DACC: The Blockchain Solution That Could Solve Music Piracy” DACC Will Revolutionize The Digital Content Industry. Centralized content platforms like Facebook and Youtube have failed us. IP Piracy Personal Data Theft Monopolization of Monetization The First IAM Based Distributed File System. DACC users will have full control and protections with respect to: Content Creation Copyright information is time-stamped into DACC blockchain. Algorithms are used to detect copyright theft. Content Access IAM permission maps let users decide who gets to access and monetize their data/content/IP. Content Storage Decentralized storage with partitions and permission maps to prevent piracy and data theft. Block Structure Designed With IAM. Permissions As A Transaction Access to creative IP and personal social data is treated as a transaction. Immutably stored and monetized by rightful owners. Merkle Roots Allows for faster transaction verification and scalability. Smart(er) Contracts Full flexibility to define rules for token exchanges in relation to any permission transaction. Use DACC To Develop Any Content-Based Platform. All content platforms need strong IAM. DACC is the ideal blockchain technology for developing content-based DAPP’s. Standard Libraries Further define IAM services and transactions for your DAPP. DACC Wallet Full stack solutions for token payments, transfers, and storage. DACC Chain Services Modular design to integrate with third party platforms, API’s, and Layer 2 protocols. DACC x Vinci Smart Headphones Audio Content DAPP DACC will partner with Vinci Smart Headphones to develop the first DAPP on DACC - a decentralized audio content platform. Proof of Recommendations DAPP token economy consensus algorithm built using DACC developer tools. Get Paid To Create & Curate Creators earn rewards for positive ratings on high quality content. Consumers earn rewards for providing ratings and reviews. Copyright Protections All content ownership information time-stamped immutably into the DACC blockchain. Team Members Vincent Nguyen Team LeaderBS Eng（Columbia），MBA（MIT）10 yrs finance，AI/loT industries Vincent Nguyen Team Leader Harold Li Technical LeaderBS Comp Sci(BUPT), MS IT(CMU), MS Applied Math(Peking Uni) Tech lead at Meituan, Vinci, Flipboard Harold Li Technical Leader Jim Ai Audio Tech LeadPhD Physics（MIT） Prev.at BBN，SRI intl，Apple 12 yrs of audio，sound systems experience Jim Ai Audio Tech Lead Jun Zhang AI Tech LeadHarvard Research Fellow，PhD Math（Rice） Microsoft Principal Machine Leaming Researcher 10 yrs deep learning experience Jun Zhang AI Tech Lead Gina Hughes Media and PR LeadBS（Maryland） Prev.Head of PR at Monster Headphones Founder of TechieDiva.com Gina Hughes Media and PR Lead Cathy Cao Media and PR LeadBS MIT 3 years of AI company experience Cathy Cao Media and PR Lead Advisors Jeffrey Wernick Entrepreneur, Private Investor.40 years of investment experience including Uber and Airbnb In addition to DACC, also on QTUM advisory board Began career trading options/ futures while at the University of Chicago. Later worked at Salomon Brothers As investor, his focus expanded to the sharing economy, biomedical, and blockchain technologies Advisor Jeffrey Wernick Entrepreneur, Private Investor. Walter Komarek Co-founder INK, Angel Investor, President and Managing Partner at ForbesfoneBeing a respected figure in the European telecom market, Walter Komarek is CEO at Angel Investment and a President and Managing Partner at Forbesfone (the largest Maltese telecom company). Walter Komarek is engaged in telecom, new technologies and blockchain startups. Having graduated from the University of Salzburg, Walter Komarek has proficient expertise in business strategy and business development. Advisor Walter Komarek Co-founder INK, Angel Investor, President and Managing Partner at Forbesfone Andy Tian CEO and Co-FounderCo-Founded AIG, whose flagship product Uplive is the highest monetizing mobile live video platform across APAC and Middle East Previously GM of Zynga China and also led Google’s mobile business in China Head of the Gifto project and successfully launched the Gifto ICO Investor Andy Tian CEO and Co-Founder Philippe Bouaziz Founder of Prodware GroupPhilippe is known as one of the leading tech personas in Europe and Israel, sitting on numerous advisory boards for engineering and business schools Founded Prodware Group in 1989. Global IT solutions company (EPA: ALPRO) which has served 17,500 customers in 75 countries Advisor Philippe Bouaziz Founder of Prodware Group Jared Polite Head of Marketing at Crypto Media GroupAs an Investor in full service ICO campaigns. He has been involved with over 40 projects to date These Projects has raised north of $300MUSD Advisor Jared Polite Head of Marketing at Crypto Media Group Zhao Dong General Partner & Co-Founder of DCM ChinaOne of the top VC investors in Asia, and has raised over $30 billion of financing for tech and telecom companies Sourced and led DCM’s investment in VanceInfo (NYSE: VIT), BitAuto (NYSE: BITA), and Dangdang (NYSE: DANG), and remains as a board member Former Vice President at Goldman Sachs covering Tech, Media and Telecom Investor Zhao Dong General Partner & Co-Founder of DCM China Oliver Li Partner of Draper Dragon FundOver 10 years of VC experience with companies such as Sino-Century, Withub VC, and South River Capital Placed successful investments in software, semiconductor, gaming sectors, such as Jiaoda Withub (HK 8205), Hyron Software (Shenzhen 002195), Actions Semiconductor (Nasdaq ACTS), and Wind (financial data service company) Advisor Oliver Li Partner of Draper Dragon Fund Luca Nichetto Founder and CEO of Nichetto StudioWorld renown art and industrial designer who has won international prizes, including the Gran Design Award, the Good Design Award, the IF Product Design Award, and the Elle Designer of the Year Award Art director for numerous design brands, exhibitions and competitions in Europe, the US, and Japan Advisor Luca Nichetto Founder and CEO of Nichetto Studio Matthew Cheng Founder and Managing PartnerVC expert and founder of Cherubic Ventures, whose portfolio includes Coinbase, Flexport, Virgin Hyperloop One, Wish, Ring, TianGe Interactive, LiuliShuo, and Pinkoi Founding member at Tian Ge Interactive (1980:HK), China's largest live social video platform Selected to China's "Top 40 under 40" list from 2013-2016 by Cyzone Anchor Investor Matthew Cheng Founder and Managing Partner Justin Sun Founder of TRONFounded and successfully launched the TRON (TRX) platform and ICO Founder and CEO of PEIWO, an app aspiring to become China's Snapchat and has recorded more than 4 billion chats to date Was named a Davos Global Shaper in 2014 and was also formerly the representative of Ripple in China Investor Justin Sun Founder of TRON Omer Ozden Legal Counsel at ZhenFund and DFundInternational securities lawyer with 20 years experience VCPE, IPO's M&A, fund formation, and securities regulation Has worked with NetEase, Alibaba, Baidu, New Oriental, Suntech, E-Long and their investors, including SoftBank, Goldman Sachs, DragonTech, Warburg Pincus and Merrill Lynch Previously a Partner at Baker & McKenzie LLP and led the China securities transactional team on PE financings, IPOs and securities compliance Advisor Omer Ozden Legal Counsel at ZhenFund and DFund Yu Hong Former of 3am commuity&Kfund &QYGAME Investor Yu Hong Former of 3am commuity&Kfund &QYGAME SKY Cofounder of 3am Block Community & Foundation PartnerSerial Entrepreneur in the Social Media and Social Networks space Pioneer in the China mobile messaging space and founder of companies such as Tongxue.com Founder of Vinci Smart Headphones, world’s first standalone headphones with built-in AI Founding Partner of Roark Fund which has invested in over 20 blockchain projects Advisor SKY Cofounder of 3am Block Community & Foundation Partner Jia Tian Chief ScientistAI industry veteran and former Senior Developer at Baidu and Alibaba Currently serves as the Chief Scientist at BitFund.PE, a bitcoin fund which was founded by Xiaolai Li and has been dedicated to supporting the bitcoin community since 2013 Mr. Tian is also an advisor to multiple blockchain tech startups such as IOST, DATA, Hydro, and more Advisor Jia Tian Chief Scientist Haobo Ma AELF CEO & FounderCEO & Founder of AELF, a decentralized cloud computing blockchain network. AELF currently has a market cap of over USD 250M CEO & Founder of Hoopox which develops blockchain as a service solutions CTO & Co-Founder of GemPay, China's first Bitcoin payment company Member of Blockchain Expert Committee of China Electronic Association, and a member of Blockchain Professional Committee of China Computer Society Investor Haobo Ma AELF CEO & Founder Roy Li Ruff CEO /Ruff Chain Investor Roy Li Ruff CEO /Ruff Chain Li Quan D- fund Partnerfocuses on investment in the digital currency sector and provides end-to-end investment banking services for the project. Major investment projects: TNB, QASH, aelf, Cybermiles, LLT, MobileCoin, Beechat, etc. Investor & Advisor Li Quan D- fund Partner Kelvin Hsu Founder of BlockVC Advisor Kelvin Hsu Founder of BlockVC Huang He Co-Founder and CEO of MailTimeSerial entrepreneur and founder of 2 mobile communication companies - TalkBox and MailTime, which recently came out of Y Combinator (W16) Creator of the top podcaster in China with over 2 million views daily Co-founded and launched successful ICO for MDT (Measurable Data Token) Advisor Huang He Co-Founder and CEO of MailTime Ge Wenxing Dfund Partner Investor & Advisor Ge Wenxing Dfund Partner Grace Fan Brink Asset CEOGraduated from the department of Business Management, University of British Columbia BD Director of RuffChain Internet serial entrepreneur with years of experience of sales and marketing IoT enthusiast, in charge of several IoT operations projects Advisor Grace Fan Brink Asset CEO Ray Wu Managing Partner at Skychee VenturesFormer and partner at Cybernaut Capital Management Former Managing Director of HP’s new business ventures. Veteran at Cisco Systems, and held several senior positions leading investment, M&A, and internal incubation Dual M.B.A. degree from Berkeley and Columbia Investor Ray Wu Managing Partner at Skychee Ventures Kathy Chen Former CEO of Twitter Greater ChinaCurrently works as Area Vice President at IT and cloud company Citrix Previously General Manager of the SMS&P Greater China Team and General Manager of Cloud and Enterprise Product Group at Microsoft Previously General Manager of Eastern China Region at Cisco Advisor Kathy Chen Former CEO of Twitter Greater China Dou Wang Founder of JIC capitalBlockchain Robot inventor. Global Community operations expert. Invested more than 100 blockchain projects all over the world with high Returns. Investor Dou Wang Founder of JIC capital Jianguo-Wei Former CEO of Twitter Greater China Advisor Jianguo-Wei Former CEO of Twitter Greater China Partners Pre-Sale Bonus Available Now! 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Coinbase is a secure platform that makes it easy to buy, sell, and store cryptocurrency like Bitcoin, Ethereum, and more. Based in the USA, Coinbase is available in over 30 countries worldwide. Live prices and charts for coins traded on Coinbase exchange. Price change, high, low, volume on multiple timeframes: 1 hour, 24 hours, 7 days and 30 days. Coinbase vs Binance. If you’re new to the cryptocurrency space, it’s possible that the only exchanges that you’ve heard of are Coinbase and Binance.Coinbase is the go-to platform for beginner investors while Binance has quickly become the largest cryptocurrency exchange even recently surpassing Deutsche Bank in profitability.. Both exchanges are suited for different purposes, and you ... Binance, exchange de criptomoedas - nós operamos a maior exchange de bitcoin e altcoins do mundo por volume Login to Coinbase. You’re bringing money from Binance to here, so first, we need to know where the money or cryptocurrency is going to land. Access your wallet on Coinbase, and from there, you’ll be given an address code to use when transferring funds. All you have to do is click on your wallet to open up a menu of adding money, and you’ll be met with a screen that has all the necessary ... Binance cryptocurrency exchange - We operate the worlds biggest bitcoin exchange and altcoin crypto exchange in the world by volume Coinbase is a secure online platform for buying, selling, transferring, and storing digital currency. In this Binance VS Coinbase comparison, we're going to discuss two of the biggest crypto exchanges on the market.I’m going to tell you what they are, what services they offer, and how safe they are to use.Because this is a Coinbase VS Binance review, I’m also going to tell you which exchange is best for newbie traders.. The cryptocurrency market is worth more than $320 billion today. Now do remember that Binance is not like a shop where you can just buy as much as Bitcoin, Ether (Ethereum) or any other cryptocurrencies as much as you want. It is an exchange. Which means you need to buy your Bitcoins and your Ethers at a place like Coinbase and then have it deposited into Binance to be exchanged for the coins you really want. US-based crypto exchange. Trade Bitcoin (BTC), Ethereum (ETH), and more for USD, EUR, and GBP. Support for FIX API and REST API. Easily deposit funds via Coinbase, bank transfer, wire transfer, or cryptocurrency wallet.
Binance Exchange Part 2 - Deposit, ... Trading With A $1000 Account - Duration: 17:33. Riley Coleman 310,924 views. 17:33. How To Transfer Bitcoin!! (Coinbase to Binance) - Duration: 6:22 ... Once you get your cryptocurrency into Binance it's a little bit of a process to get it out. We walk through the process of selling your altcoins for Litecoin... ️🙏WEB Site Register Link ----- https://www.binance.com/en/register?ref=OZ9S7EV1 👆👆 මේ Link එකෙන් ගිහින් Register වෙන්න ... Know how to transfer from Binance to Coinbase. This video will help you move your coins from Binance to hardware wallet or other exchange. In this video, I s... bitcoin exchange to ethereum in coinbase ... Do Not Do This If You Have A CoinBase Account and Want To Keep Your Account! - Duration: 4:32. Sean Walters 37,039 views. 4:32. Moving Bitcoin to ... Join us at investofy.com/bitcoin-signals sign up for Coinbase using the link and receive $10. https://www.coinbase.com/join/52a5ea44284ea30a2a000220 open a b... In this video we explore what crypto trading fees CryptoHopper and cryptocurrency exchanges like Binance, Coinbase, Kraken, Bittrex and HitBTC charge. Get Your Free Trail Cryptohopper Trading Bot ... This video was meant as a tutorial for friends and family, but also people that may need help moving crypto within the crypto space. I show how to trade crypto from Coinbase to Binance. How to do a SEPA transfer to coinbase from your online banking. Euro payment is cheap (bank fees vary) and can go through in as little as 3 hours. In this video I will show you how to buy Ripple using Coinbase, GDAX and Binance. Coinbase is a great way to buy bitcoin (BTC) but it does not offer most of the other Crypto Currencies (Digital ...